Arctic Sea Ice. Climate describes the range of what you might expect in a given location—the limits of what the weather might be. If you want to understand climate, you can start by learning about the weather that occurs where you live. At the North and South pole of our planet are vast sheets of ice which have more of an impact on global climate than you might think. Science Experiments Kids Science Fair Science For Kids Science Activities Science Projects Projects For Kids Activities For Kids Science Week Easy Science. Is it sunny or is it cloudy? If this melted it’s thought that sea levels would rise by up to 60m! Because of the slow process of heat diffusion in water, the world’s oceans are likely to continue to warm for several centuries in response to increases in greenhouse concentrations that have taken place so far. When it melts, it gets rid of the cold protective covering that the Earth has. Your email address will not be published. The higher the temperature, the more likely ice will melt! For this experiment, think of your house as the earth. Glaciers have been melting since the beginning of the 19th century. In the first part of the experiment, the water level (sea level) did not go up. It’s just one of the ways that global warming will continue to negatively affect our environment. The southern polar ice cap is not floating. Projections show that over a third of the world’s glaciers will melt before 2100 even if we reduce carbon emissions. He remained adamant that sea ice is melting, even as the boat remained trapped in frozen seas. Polar ice caps are large dome-shaped sheets of ice that are found on the North Pole and the South Pole of our planet. If it’s an ice age, that’s climate. Did you know sea levels are thought to have risen 15-20cm in the last 100 years due to melting ice? Snow that melts slightly becomes harder and compressed. Next, pour 1000ml of water into the container, the continent should be half in the water. Eventually a huge mass of solid ice forms known as a glacier. Required fields are marked *, Signup to get new experiments straight to your inbox. In this earth science instructional activity, 9th graders explain the environmental consequences of rising sea level. This activity is obviously dramatic and oversimplified but a great visual demonstration of some of the consequences of melting polar ice caps and ice sheets. Here are a few characteristics of climate: Your email address will not be published. By Rob Waugh Updated: 12:44 EST, 28 September 2011 While the resulting rise in sea levels is a grave concern for the planet Earth in general, Antarctica's penguins seem to be happier when there is less sea ice. Find out how cows contribute to global warming. Fill each cup with ice. If the polar ice caps were to melt, the biological implications would be tremendous and devastating: – algae is found on sea ice. Each room in your house contains its own climate. On any given day, it might be hot in Philadelphia and cool in Miami, but on most days, it’s hotter in Miami than it is in Philadelphia. An ice field is an expanse of ice caps and glaciers. Earth is the only planet we know of where water can be in the form of a gas, liquid or solid ( remember water is essential for life ). The ice on the North Pole is in the form of a floating polar ice cap, while the ice on the South Pole is mainly in the form of an ice sheet on top of the continent of Antarctica. Remember, water has three different states: solid, liquid, and gas. In the second part of the experiment, the water level (sea level) went up. 1999 – 2001 Eruption Sequence in the Gakkel Ridge https://volcanohotspot.wordpress.com/…/1999-2001-eruption-sequence-in-the-gakkel-ridge Scientists discover 91 volcanoes below Antarctic ice sheet https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/aug/12/scientists-discover-91-volcanos-antarctica NASA: volcanic magma plume under Antarctica may explain ice sheet instability Anthony Watts / November 7, 2017, Your email address will not be published. How long do you think it will take for each cup of ice to melt? The main ice covered landmass is Antarctica at the South Pole, with about 90 percent of the world's ice (and 70 percent of its fresh water). “In a really big melt year, the ice sheet might melt a few feet. How much of the ice has melted? Pure distilled water has a melting/freezing point of 0°C (32°F). A drastic impact of global warming is the melting of ice caps in the polar regions of Antarctica.. Reuters. Place four ice cubes on a tray. All of these events are weather. This visualization shows the expanse of the annual minimum Arctic sea ice for each year from 1979 through 2020, with a graph overlay. Science Sparks assume no liability with regard to injuries or damage to property that may occur as a result of using the information and carrying out the practical activities contained in this resource or in any of the suggested further resources. Choose three different “climates” (or rooms) for the experiment. Create a scene with ice caps, sea water and land to observe what happens as the ice melts. If the rising temperature affects glaciers and icebergs, could the polar ice caps be in danger of melting and causing the oceans to rise? Ice caps form as snow falls, melts and falls again. If you can go outside, you could put one in the shade, one in the sunshine and alsoleave one inside. 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2020 polar ice caps melting experiment